This is the way it's been in Florida for a century and a half, ever since the state's Constitution was amended shortly after the Civil War to bar those convicted of a felony from voting. That ban, like similar ones in many other states, was the work of white politicians intent on keeping ballots, and thus political power, out of the hands of millions of Black people who had just been freed from slavery and made full citizens.If Florida Republicans spent a fraction of the time actually trying to improve the lives and safety of their constituents instead of usurping the expressed will of voters and actively disenfranchising as many of those they see as opposition voters, the state would be far better than it currently is.
Even as other states began reversing their own bans in recent years, Florida remained a holdout - until 2018, when Floridians overwhelmingly approved a constitutional amendment restoring voting rights to nearly everyone with a criminal record, upon the completion of their sentence. (Those convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense were excluded.)
Democratic and Republican voters alike approved the measure, which passed with nearly two-thirds support. Immediately, as many as 1.4 million people in the state became eligible to vote. It was the biggest expansion of voting rights in decades, anywhere in the country.
That should have been the end of it. But within a year, Florida's Republican-led Legislature gutted the reform by passing a law defining a criminal sentence as complete only after the person sentenced has paid all legal financial obligations connected to it.
The state adds insult to injury by making it difficult, if not impossible, for many of these people, like Ms. Bolden, to figure out what they owe. There is no central database with those numbers, and counties vary in their record-keeping diligence. Some convictions are so old that there are no records to be located.
This isn't just Kafkaesque. It may well be the deciding factor in Florida elections: Donald Trump carried the state by roughly 370,000 votes in 2020, or about half the number of Floridians who are denied the right to vote because they can't afford to pay their fines and fees.
One day there will be a reckoning for those responsible for so much abhorrent anti-democratic, openly racially-skewed behavior. Here's hoping the countervailing political whirlwinds come as swiftly as Mother Nature's many tropical cyclones do to the state of Florida.