It's not like they weren't warned....
C.S. Lewis's The Screwtape Letters was first published in 1942, during the Second World War. One of the subjects Lewis addresses in the book is the danger of using Christianity to support a "cause".
In this book, Lewis is writing from the devil's perspective " showing us his temptation playbook. In one letter, senior devil Screwtape writes to his nephew Wormwood:
"Whichever he adopts, your main task will be the same. Let him begin by treating the Patriotism or the Pacifism as a part of his religion.
Then let him, under the influence of partisan spirit, come to regard it as the most important part.
Then quietly and gradually nurse him on to the stage at which the religion becomes merely part of the cause', in which Christianity is valued chiefly because of the excellent arguments it can produce in favour of the British war-effort or of Pacifism.
The attitude which you want to guard against is that in which temporal affairs are treated primarily as material for obedience.
Once you have made the World an end, and faith a means, you have almost won your man, and it makes very little difference what kind of worldly end he is pursuing.
Provided that meetings, pamphlets, policies, movements, causes, and crusades, matter more to him than prayers and sacraments and charity, he is ours " and the more religious' (on those terms) the more securely ours.
I could show you a pretty cageful down here."